Know the Law About the Right To Take Time Off Work for Child Care Emergencies in California
Parents, guardians, stepparents, foster parents, grandparents with custody of a child, and other caregivers of a child who work for an employer with 25 or more employees have the right to take up to 40 hours off from work each year [i] to:
- Participate in their child’s child care or school activities.
- Evaluate child care and schools, and enroll their child.[ii]
- Attend to their child during a school emergency, which includes when:
- the child care or school asks that the child be picked up,
- the child has a behavioral or discipline problem,
- the child care or school has closed, or the child care provider cannot care for the child without warning,
- a natural disaster, including, but not limited to, a fire, earthquake, or flood occurs.[iii]
[i] Cal. Lab. Code § 230.8.
[ii] Employees must give their employer reasonable notice for (1) and (2). Employees may also need to provide documentation of their absence to their employer upon request for (1) and (2). Cal. Lab. Code § 230.8.
[iii] Rights (1) – (3) come from the passage of Senate Bill 579. S.B. 579, 2015 Gen. Assemb., Reg. Sess. (Cal. 2015), available at http://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/billNavClient.xhtml?bill_id=201520160SB579. In cases of emergencies, employees should give notice to their employer as soon as possible and are not required to give their employers documentation. Id.
All employees can earn at least three paid sick days per year. Employees can use their paid sick days:
- Because he/she was a victim of domestic violence.
- For the diagnosis, care, or treatment of an existing health condition of, or preventive care for, the employee or the employee’s child, parent, spouse, domestic, grandparent, grandchild, and sibling.[i]
Employees who have more than three sick days per year may use at least half of their extra sick days for the above family members and reasons in (5)[ii]. Employees fired, demoted, or in any other manner discriminated against as a result of exercising his/her right to take time off under (1)-(5), are entitled to legal remedies [iii].